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General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has become effective starting on May 25, 2018 replacing national data protection laws throughout Europe, including for example the old German Federal Data Protection Act (old FDPA). Many of the ground rules are similar to those of the 1995 Privacy Directive. However, there are some significant changes to these principles as well as substantial new obligations for businesses.  

The new data protection law in Germany has already been passed and also applies since 25 May 2018 (so called FPDA-new).

We have constructed this website in order to help you to understand the General Data Protection Regulation, by clarifying the relationship between the GDPR and the recitals of the GDPR as well as between the GDPR and the FDPA-new. In detail:

> The recitals are linked to the corresponding GDPR articles;

> The articles of the GDPR are linked with

           - the relevant recitals;

           - the applicable provisions regarding the administrative fines;

           - the corresponding clauses in the FDPA-new; as

           - the corresponding GDPR commentary by Paal/Pauly.

We hope to ease the access to the GDPR and German privacy legislation for you. For any questions and suggestions we remain at your disposal.

You will find links to relevant legislation in German and English (if available) in the area of data protection below:


Bundesdatenschutzgesetz - neu

Federal Data Protection Act - new

EU Datenschutzgrundverordnung

EU General Data Protection Regulation

Bundesdatenschutzgesetz - alt

Federal Data Protection Act - old

The text of the GDPR: © European Union,, 1998-2017